TRC Chaperone Training

Course Overview

Program Administration

Rideshare Etiquette

Preparing Mentally

Words Matter

Assistive Devices

Dealing Sensitively

Service Animals

Meeting the client

Visible and Hidden Disabilities

Bloodborne Pathogens

Difficult Situations

Well-being of your client

COVID-19 Protocol

Online Certification Quiz

Recognizing visible and hidden disabilities

Cognitive impairments and hidden disabilities

From Wikipedia:

Cognitive disorders (CDs), also known as neurocognitive disorders (NCDs), are a category of mental health disorders that primarily affect cognitive abilities including learning, memory, perception, and problem solving. Neurocognitive disorders include delirium and mild and major neurocognitive disorder (previously knownas dementia). They are defined by deficits in cognitive ability that are acquired (as opposed to developmental), typically represent decline, and may have an underlying brain pathology. The DSM-5 defines six key domains of cognitive function: executive function, learning and memory, perceptual-motor function, language, complex attention, and social cognition.”

Types of cognitive impairments

Without putting labels on individual impairments, cognitive deficiencies can be put into six broad categories:

  1. Memory

  2. Problem-solving

  3. Attention

  4. Reading, linguistic, and verbal comprehension

  5. Math comprehension

  6. Visual comprehension

Some cognitive challenges are more debilitating than others. Examples of more severe, or clinical deficiencies, include autism, Down Syndrome, traumatic brain injury (TBI), and even dementia. Less severe, but limiting nonetheless, are what are termed functional impairments such as dyslexia, obsessive/compulsive disorder, and attention deficit disorder. Regardless of whether an impairment is considered functional or clinical. The focus should be on the challenges the individual faces given the impairment.

Invisible disabilities

Cognitive impairments are among a whole host of conditions that are not readily perceptible. These would include:

  • Heart and lung conditions

  • Asthma

  • Debilitating pain

  • Fatigue

  • Dizziness

  • Brain injuries

  • Learning differences

  • Mental health disorders

  • Hearing and vision impairments

It’s safe to say that you, as a companion, should prepare for challenges of one sort or another and be ready to treat all with professional concern.

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